impact

Football’s economic impact on college towns, players and NFL

You know my saying: The business of sports always wins. This week, however, my adage was proven wrong, as the Big Ten and Pac-12 conferences pulled the plug on fall college football, setting fire to a collective billions of dollars worth of sorely needed revenue. For these two power players in the business of college football, health and safety, surprisingly, won out over the business of sports.

For now, the other Power 5 conferences—SEC, ACC and Big 12—are forging ahead with football. Perhaps their conference leaders received different medical and scientific opinions; perhaps they received different legal opinions (there are always lawyers). Either way, those conference leaders, for now, are more comfortable and confident managing the medical and legal risk of playing through a pandemic. And while reports indicated Big Ten presidents were clearly affected by evidence of myocarditis in athletes, those concerns and risks have not impacted

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A history of internet shutdowns in Africa and their impact on human rights

It’s broadly accepted that there’s a close relationship between development and access to information. One of the first economists to make the link was Amartya Sen, who won the Nobel Prize in 1998 for his contributions to welfare economics.

Increasingly over the past two decades, the internet has been a major factor affecting the right to development. The United Nations definition of this right is that:

Every human person and all peoples are entitled to participate in, contribute to, and enjoy economic, social, cultural and political development.

Today, all African countries have access to the internet, though the digital divide remains huge within and between countries.

In a recent research paper, one of us (Ilori), together with colleagues, examined the effect of network disruptions on human rights and democratic development in sub-Saharan Africa.

The paper concluded that internet shutdowns have impeded the right to development and posed threats to democratic

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